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ERIC Number: EJ844559
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-1050-9674
Proficiency in Basic Educational Skills as Related to Program Outcome and Escape Risk among Juvenile Offenders in Residential Treatment
McMackin, Robert A.; Tansi, Robert; Hartwell, Stephanie
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, v42 n3 p57-74 2005
This study examined the relationship of basic educational skills in Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension and Math to program outcome and escape risk among male juvenile offenders in residential care. The records of 144 youth who were treated in a residential treatment center between 1978 and 1996 were reviewed along with subsequent adult and juvenile criminal histories. Results indicated Vocabulary skills were significantly related to program outcome. Youth with Vocabulary skills at or above a 9th grade level were more likely to graduate from the program whereas youth with Vocabulary skills below a 6th grade level were at higher risk for escape. Youth with Reading Comprehension skills at or above a 9th grade level were more likely to graduate and youth with Reading Comprehension skills below a 6th grade level were more likely to escape. Math Skills were not associated with successful completion of the program or escape. Youth with Math skills at or above the 9th grade level had the lowest recidivism rate while Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension levels were not associated with recidivism. The results are discussed in relation to the development of treatment programs for juvenile offenders. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts