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ERIC Number: EJ844439
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
Changing Concepts of Equal Educational Opportunity: A Comparison of the Views of Thomas Jefferson, Horace Mann and John Dewey
Brick, Blanche
American Educational History Journal, v32 n2 p166-174 2005
Current educational policies regarding equal educational opportunity are confused and often contradictory. There is no clear consensus as to what constitutes an equal opportunity. Most modern educators agree that the modern equal educational movement began in the 1950's with the Supreme Court decision in "Brown vs. the Board of Education," 1954 (Bolmeier 1973). James Coleman addressed the importance of the 1954 Supreme Court decision suggesting that it represented a turning point in defining equal educational opportunity and it related to issues much broader than the question of racial equality. The Brown decision, however, was not simply an indication of the political climate in 1954. It represented an evolving change in educational philosophy and practice. In this paper, major writings of Thomas Jefferson, Horace Mann, and John Dewey published between 1779 and the death of Dewey in 1952 are examined and discussed for analysis of the changing view of equal educational opportunity in the United States during this period of time to compare what each man meant by the term equal educational opportunity.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States