ERIC Number: EJ844434
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 21
The Culture of Educational Professionalism in the Twentieth Century and the Role of Independent Standards Boards
Cesar, Dana; Smith, Joan K.
American Educational History Journal, v32 n2 p131-138 2005
Throughout the 20th Century, medicine and law set the professional standards by which all other professions came to be measured. Teaching fell short of the mark because teachers were not perceived as having much control over their professional lives. For example, the professions of medicine and law developed standards boards or associations to regulate the profession in terms of the above characteristics. In light of a recent proliferation of independent professional standards boards (IPSBs), the purpose of this study was to trace the events that led to the establishment of independent professional standards boards in education, and to illustrate the functions of such governing bodies. Secondarily, the study briefly demonstrates the political lineages of such boards.
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Standards, Standard Setting, Intellectual History, Educational History, Professional Associations, Governing Boards, State Licensing Boards, Accreditation (Institutions), Institutional Evaluation, Politics of Education, Board of Education Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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