ERIC Number: EJ844305
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Linking Informant Discrepancies to Observed Variations in Young Children's Disruptive Behavior
De Los Reyes, Andres; Henry, David B.; Tolan, Patrick H.; Wakschlag, Lauren S.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v37 n5 p637-652 Jul 2009
Prior work has not tested the basic theoretical notion that informant discrepancies in reports of children's behavior exist, in part, because different informants observe children's behavior in different settings. We examined patterns of observed preschool disruptive behavior across varying social contexts in the laboratory and whether they related to parent-teacher rating discrepancies of disruptive behavior in a sample of 327 preschoolers. Observed disruptive behavior was assessed with a lab-based developmentally sensitive diagnostic observation paradigm that assesses disruptive behavior across three interactions with the child with parent and examiner. Latent class analysis identified four patterns of disruptive behavior: (a) low across parent and examiner contexts, (b) high with parent only, (c) high with examiner only, and (d) high with parent and examiner. Observed disruptive behavior specific to the parent and examiner contexts were uniquely related to parent-identified and teacher-identified disruptive behavior, respectively. Further, observed disruptive behavior across both parent and examiner contexts was associated with disruptive behavior as identified by both informants. Links between observed behavior and informant discrepancies were not explained by child impairment or observed problematic parenting. Findings provide the first laboratory-based support for the Attribution Bias Context Model (De Los Reyes and Kazdin "Psychological Bulletin" 131:483-509, 2005), which posits that informant discrepancies are indicative of cross-contextual variability in children's behavior and informants' perspectives on this behavior. These findings have important implications for clinical assessment, treatment outcomes, and developmental psychopathology research.
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Psychopathology, Laboratories, Parents, Behavior Problems, Models, Observation, Preschool Children, Interaction, Outcomes of Treatment, Parent Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A