ERIC Number: EJ844101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Does Musical Training Improve School Performance?
Wetter, Olive Emil; Koerner, Fritz; Schwaninger, Adrian
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, v37 n4 p365-374 Jul 2009
In a retrospective study, we compared school performance of 53 children practicing music (group 1) with 67 controls not practicing music (group 2). Overall average marks as well as average marks of all school subjects except sports were significantly higher in children who do (group 1) than in those who do not practice music (group 2). In a multiple regression analysis, musical training, parent's income, and educational level (grades) correlated significantly with overall average marks. A slight decrease of overall average marks over 4 years from grades 3 to 6 was found in the control group only. Musical training evidently correlates with children's better performance at school, but is obviously part of a multifactorial dependence. Continuous musical training appears to help achieve and maintain school performance at a high level over time.
Descriptors: Control Groups, Music, Academic Achievement, Multiple Regression Analysis, Children, Music Education, Musicians, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students, Grades (Scholastic)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A