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ERIC Number: EJ843639
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Recurrent Pediatric Headaches: Behavioral Concepts and Interventions
Allen, Keith D.
Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, v3 n2 p211-219 Sum 2006
Recurrent pediatric headaches are increasingly understood to be a function of both respondent and operant processes. In particular, the environment is thought to elicit internal autonomic instability and to evoke external maladaptive pain behavior. While medical interventions often provide an appropriate first line treatment, behavioral interventions can provide an important adjunct to medical intervention and in some cases provide valuable alternative sources of relief. This article reviews the prevalence, types, and functional impairments associated with recurrent pediatric headaches and the behavioral concepts that help explain their etiology. The article also reviews the substantial empirical research that supports the efficacy of behavioral interventions. These include teaching children to control autonomic reactivity through relaxation or biofeedback and then arranging for an environment that reinforces use of these tools. The article concludes with a discussion of future directions for research in biofeedback, including the application of behavioral concepts and interventions to other chronic health related problems in children.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Pediatrics, Biofeedback, Etiology, Environmental Influences, Pain, Incidence, Child Health, Stress Variables, Behavior Modification, Intervention, Individual Characteristics, Genetics, Stress Management
Joseph Cautilli, Ph.D. & The Behavior Analyst Online Organization. 535 Queen Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147-3220. Tel: 215-462-6737; Web site: http://www.baojournal.com/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A