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ERIC Number: EJ843551
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-0898-5952
Communities of Practice in Workplaces
Hara, Noriko; Schwen, Thomas M.
Performance Improvement Quarterly, v19 n2 p93-114 Jun 2006
Since the 1990s we have seen an increase in consideration of social and cultural aspects of learning as a way to foster organizational learning and human performance. Despite strong interest among practitioners and scholars, the study of organizational learning is lacking in empirical research. The study described here calls attention to the importance of informal learning in designing effective learning environments for the training of professionals. The study examines how people share and construct their knowledge in a Public Defender's Office and conclude that there are six attributes of communities of practice (CoPs) that serve as scaffolding for organizational learning. The attributes are (1) a group of professionals, (2) development of a shared meaning, (3) informal network, (4) supportive culture-trust, (5) engagement in knowledge building, and (6) individuals' negotiation and development of professional identities. Implications for education and training in relation to the concept of CoPs are discussed. (Contains 1 table and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A