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ERIC Number: EJ843441
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun-26
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1207-7798
Transformational Leadership: An Evolving Concept Examined through the Works of Burns, Bass, Avolio, and Leithwood
Stewart, Jan
Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, n54 p1-29 Jun 2006
Over the past four decades, the concept of leadership has become increasingly more complex and elaborate. Considerable debate has emerged over the most suitable model for educational leadership. Dominating the literature are two conceptual models: instructional leadership and transformational leadership. This paper will review the conceptual and empirical development of transformational leadership as it evolved through the work of James MacGregor Burns, Bernard M. Bass, Bruce J. Avolio, and Kenneth Leithwood. Moreover, the paper will discuss some of the conflicting opinions and diverging perspectives from many of the critics of transformational leadership. The author argues that transformational leadership will continue to evolve in order to adequately respond to the changing needs of schools in the context of educational accountability and school reform.
Faculty of Education, University of Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada. Tel: 204-474-9004; Fax: 204-474-7564; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A