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ERIC Number: EJ843425
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
"The Straight Road:" Promoting Catholic Higher Education in Early-Twentieth Century Chicago
Ryan, Ann Marie
American Educational History Journal, v33 n1 p65-75 2006
Catholic high schools in Chicago came onto the educational landscape in significant number in the 1920s, a critical time period in American educational history. In an era focused on efficiency and compulsory schooling, Catholic high schools organized themselves to meet the legal statutes affecting them directly and those that would govern their graduates' social mobility. Catholic secondary educators in Chicago consciously worked to make their schools equal to their public counterparts through their pursuit of accreditation. By the early 1930s, 27 of the 30 nonparochial Catholic high schools located in the city of Chicago were accredited by the University of Illinois with many accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools (NCACSS) as well. Individual Catholic orders and congregations of religious priests, sisters and brothers operated these high schools. They differed from parochial high schools, which often consisted of parish-based elementary schools with limited high school programs. Complying with accreditation requirements gave Catholic high school graduates access to higher education, especially those who attended nonparochial 4-year high schools. While accreditation offered access to higher education in predominantly secular institutions, Catholics focused their efforts on promoting Catholic higher education. This article examines the relatively successful efforts to prepare students for college and promote Catholic higher education in Chicago's Catholic high schools in the early twentieth century. This effort facilitated the social mobility of Chicago Catholics, a somewhat marginalized and largely immigrant group, who sought to maintain a cohesive Catholic culture while consciously using existing social structures to move into the American mainstream. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Massachusetts; Michigan; Ohio; Pennsylvania