NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ842582
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
Conductive Education: Benefits and Challenges
Ratliffe, Katherine T.; Sanekane, Cindy
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v41 n5 p66-72 May-Jun 2009
Conductive education (CE) is an intensive, holistic approach to the education of people with physical disabilities that recognizes that teaching and learning are related to the emotional, cognitive, and physical aspects of individuals. Despite its popularity in the United States and throughout the world, research has not demonstrated a clear advantage of CE over traditional forms of schooling and therapeutic intervention. Yet, the number of centers offering CE continues to increase, and school districts are being asked to consider this expensive and time-consuming approach by families who advocate strongly for CE programs for their children with disabilities. This article addresses the history and content of CE, the different types of programs available, family perspectives about CE, comparisons between CE and traditional special education services, and the benefits and challenges of different CE models so that teachers and administrators can make informed decisions to appropriately support children and families. (Contains 1 table.)
Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States