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ERIC Number: EJ842545
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
PAVES: A Presentation Strategy for Beginning Presenters in Inclusive Environments
Combes, Bertina H.; Walker, Michelle; Harrell, Pamela Esprivalo; Tyler-Wood, Tandra
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v41 n1 p42-47 Sep-Oct 2008
Public speaking will continue to be an unsettling experience for some students, including those with disabilities. Experts have suggested several reasons for fearing public speaking; adequate preparation and practice can alleviate most of them. Using the PAVES (Posture, Attitude, Voice, Eye Contact, Smile) strategy described in this article can provide teachers and students with a systematic plan when preparing for public speaking and presentations. The PAVES strategy encompasses components that prompt students' internal and external behaviors toward successful public speaking and presentations. PAVES may be especially helpful for students with disabilities as they are included in general education curriculum and in intervention programs. (Contains 2 figures.)
Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5; High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California