ERIC Number: EJ842071
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Inclusion on Students with and without Special Educational Needs Reviewed
Ruijs, Nienke M.; Peetsma, Thea T. D.
Educational Research Review, v4 n2 p67-79 2009
In many countries, education policies are shifting towards inclusive education. Human rights have always been an important argument for this development, but the effects on students should be an important factor when designing policies. In this review, therefore, literature on the effects of inclusion on both students with and without special educational needs is described. The review covers not only effects on cognitive development, but also socio-emotional effects. In general, the results show neutral to positive effects of inclusive education. The academic achievement of students with and without special educational needs seems to be comparable to non-inclusive classes or even better in inclusive classes. However, there may be some differential effects for high- and low-achieving students without special educational needs. Regarding social effects, children with special educational needs seem to have a less favourable social position than children without special educational needs.
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Inclusive Schools, Cognitive Development, Mainstreaming, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Literature Reviews, Emotional Response, Socioeconomic Influences, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Research Reports, Policy Analysis
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A