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ERIC Number: EJ841893
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1050-9674
Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders over Periods Ranging from One to Twenty Years following Residential Treatment
McMackin, Robert A.; Tansi, Robert; Lafratta, Joseph
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, v38 n3 p1-15 2004
This paper examines the recidivism data for juvenile offenders discharged from a Massachusetts residential treatment center between 1976 and 1995. The criminal histories, juvenile and adult, of 162 delinquent youth referred through the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services who left the program were reviewed. Recidivism was defined as any post-program juvenile or adult conviction. A program stay of over 11 months was associated with no future convictions for all offenders (p = 0.031). Chronic offenders (4 arrests prior to commitment) made up 59% of the sample (N = 95). As expected, chronic offending was highly associated with recidivism (p = 0.004), yet it was also seen that chronic offenders in placement for 11 months or more recidivated at a significantly lower rate then those in placement less than 11 months (p = 0.026). A cost benefit analysis showed that a savings of $18,690,728 could be achieved by retaining chronic juvenile offenders in residential placement for over 11 months. (Contains 2 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts