ERIC Number: EJ841332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Contributing to the Failure to Use Condoms among Students in Zambia
Mbulo, Lazarous; Newman, Ian M.; Shell, Duane F.
Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, v51 n2 p40-58 Jun 2007
This study explored factors that may predict condom use among college and high school students in Zambia. Using the Social Cognitive Theory, this study examined the relationship of drinking behaviors, alcohol-sexual expectations, education level, and religion to condom use among 961 students. The results of the study show that condom use was low among both drinkers and non-drinkers. The results also showed that drinkers had higher positive alcohol-sexual expectations than non-drinkers. Furthermore, drinkers had lower negative alcohol-sexual expectations than non-drinkers. A logistic regression analysis showed that alcohol-sexual expectancies, gender, education, and religion were not significant predictors of condom use among sexually-active students. However; among drinkers, education and positive alcohol-sexual expectancies were significant predictors. Education, positive alcohol-sexual expectations and religion were also significant predictors of condom use among students who engaged in sexual activities after drinking. We conclude that drinking behavior; alcohol-sexual expectations, educational level and religion are associated with lower use of condom.
Descriptors: Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Foreign Countries, College Students, High School Students, Social Theories, Social Cognition, Drinking, Educational Attainment, Expectation, Religion
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Zambia