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ERIC Number: EJ841092
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1038-2046
Preparing Geography Teachers in the United States
Bednarz, Sarah Witham; Stoltman, Joseph P.; Lee, Jongwon
International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, v13 n2 p176-183 2004
Teacher preparation has been called the "bete noire" of geography education in the United States (Boehm et al., 1994). Despite progress in other areas of geography, teacher education remains a significant issue affecting the quality of geography instruction nationwide. It is a multifaceted, multidimensional problem tied inextricably to national trends in education and teacher education reform. Some problems have resulted from a spatially dispersed and decentralised system of teacher education and certification. Today, many of the tensions within teacher education are the result of ideological arguments that have become highly politicised, pitting conservatives against liberals, Republicans against Democrats, in increasingly polarised discussions. As a consequence, geographers and professional geography societies have less influence in teacher preparation. This article briefly explores some of the significant issues affecting teacher preparation in the United States. The authors focus first on the volatile national context, particularly on changes in the last decade. The implications on teacher preparation of recent federal legislation entitled No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in general, and geography education specifically, are explored. Next, the authors describe the changing models of teacher education, including alternative certification, and the implications for geography education. They conceptualise teacher preparation as a three-stage process, and describe mentoring and professional development in geography education in the induction and early professional development stages. The authors conclude by reviewing the issues geography educators face in the next decade, suggesting research that may address them.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001