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ERIC Number: EJ840625
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
How Do Expert Soccer Players Encode Visual Information to Make Decisions in Simulated Game Situations?
Poplu, Gerald; Ripoll, Hubert; Mavromatis, Sebastien; Baratgin, Jean
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v79 n3 p392-398 Sep 2008
The aim of this study was to determine what visual information expert soccer players encode when they are asked to make a decision. We used a repetition-priming paradigm to test the hypothesis that experts encode a soccer pattern's structure independently of the players' physical characteristics (i.e., posture and morphology). The participants were given either realistic (digital photos) or abstract (three-dimensional schematic representations) soccer game patterns. The results showed that the experts benefited from priming effects regardless of how abstract the stimuli were. This suggests that an abstract representation of a realistic pattern (i.e., one that does not include visual information related to the players' physical characteristics) is sufficient to activate experts' specific knowledge during decision making. These results seem to show that expert soccer players encode and store abstract representations of visual patterns in memory. (Contains 2 figures.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail: info@aahperd.org; Web site: http://www.aahperd.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France