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ERIC Number: EJ840621
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Cardiovascular Fitness in Obese versus Nonobese 8-11-Year-Old Boys and Girls
Mastrangelo, M. Alysia; Chaloupka, Edward C.; Rattigan, Peter
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v79 n3 p356-362 Sep 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare cardiovascular fitness between obese and nonobese children. Based on body mass index, 118 were classified as obese (boys [OB] = 62, girls [OG] = 56), while 421 were nonobese (boys [NOB] = 196, girls [NOG] = 225). Cardiovascular fitness was determined by a 1-mile [1.6 km] run/walk (MRW) and estimated peak oxygen uptake (VO[subscript 2]peak) and analyzed using two-way analyses of variance (Gender x Obese/Nonobese). MRW times were significantly faster (p less than 0.05) for the NOB (10 min 34 s) compared to the OB (13 min 8 s) and the NOG (13 min 15 s.) compared to the OG (14 min 44 s.). Predicted VO[subscript 2]peak values (mL multiplied by kg[superscript -1] multiplied by min[superscript -1]) were significantly higher (p less than 0.05) for the NOB (48.29) compared to the OB (41.56) and the NOG (45.99) compared to the OG (42.13). MRW was compared between obese and nonobese participants on the President's Challenge (2005), the National Children and Youth Fitness Study, and FITNESSGRAM[R] HFZ standards. The nonobese boys and girls scored higher on all three, exhibiting better cardiovascular fitness as compared to obese counterparts. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey