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ERIC Number: EJ840136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1042-0541
A Historical Review of Leadership Development in the FFA and 4-H
Hoover, Tracy S.; Scholl, Jan F.; Dunigan, Anne H.; Mamontova, Nadezhda
Journal of Agricultural Education, v48 n3 p100-110 2007
FFA and 4-H are two youth-based organizations that cite leadership development as a key foundational component. The purpose of this study was to review and document the historical development of leadership events and activities in both programs. Evidence can be found of leadership development in schools, conferences, and camps. Leadership-related events evolved into public-speaking contests, debates, farm demonstrations, and implementation of chapter and club programs of activities. Leadership resources from both organizations include official manuals, convention proceedings, advisor/leader handbooks, textbooks, and state and national magazines. Historically, both organizations provided members multiple opportunities to develop leadership behaviors, skills, and characteristics through knowledge and skill acquisition, participation in community and civic activities, and in the transition into the workforce and/or postsecondary education.
American Association for Agricultural Education. Box 7607, Department of Agricultural and Extension Education, Raleigh, NC 27695. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A