ERIC Number: EJ840058
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
Becoming Aware of What You Know or Need to Know: Gathering Client and Context Characteristics in Day Services for Persons with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities
Vlaskamp, C.; Hiemstra, S. J.; Wiersma, L. A.
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, v4 n2 p97-103 Jun 2007
Persons with profound and multiple disabilities (PIMD) are dependent on staff to be sufficiently knowledgeable as to provide them with appropriate day services. One important determinant of the appropriateness and adequacy of a day support program is the level to which staff have detailed and specific knowledge about the functional abilities and the sensory and contextual preferences of their clients, and "use" this information when providing day activity center services. The authors conducted a study designed to determine what staff know about their clients' capabilities and functioning and whether they applied this knowledge to the delivery of day services. Thirty-three direct care activity center staff members from seven different residential facilities throughout the Netherlands were involved in the research. The study used a questionnaire designed as a flow chart, which parsed knowledge within nine categories, five related to the client's functional abilities and four related to the client's sensory and contextual preferences. Results indicate that staff generally lacked specific information on the adults in their day activity center, and this impaired their ability to select and provide appropriate activities. The authors concluded that a relatively simple and easy-to-design questionnaire can provide a good overview of the special training that is needed by staff who are responsible for offering activities to persons with PIMD.
Descriptors: Multiple Disabilities, Flow Charts, Measures (Individuals), Foreign Countries, Day Programs, Severe Mental Retardation, Staff Role, Caregivers, Questionnaires, Program Effectiveness, Needs Assessment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands