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ERIC Number: EJ839046
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1740-2743
Violence in the Curriculum: Compulsory Linguistic Discrimination in the Arizona-Sonora Borderlands
Bratt, Kirstin Ruth
Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, v5 n1 May 2007
In the small border town focalized in this article, just north of the Mexican and US border stations, daily businesses, including city council meetings, retail, and public services, are conducted in Spanish. Only the schools insist upon English, this insistence backed by state proposition 200, funded primarily by Ron Unz, but passed by Arizona voters in 2000. This is the type of policy Valdez criticizes when she explains the great burden that is placed on bilinguals through public policies. She identifies these policies as symptoms of public anger, writing that bilinguals "provoke the wrath of those who view concessions to linguistic diversity as fundamentally un-American". Furthermore, Corson explains that English-only policies reduce the status of minority-language speakers in every public context. While racial discrimination was once openly condoned and practiced under legal protection in the United States, Espinosa-Aguilar explains that it now continues under less blatantly racist guises, such as legal discrimination that is "masked as language policy". As an educator, the author found Arizona a frustrating place to work. So many voter initiatives were passed during her tenure there, all of which seemed counter-intuitive to her as a teacher. While educational research has largely supported bilingual education as a way to help students become competent in English, public policies in Arizona were forcing schools to discontinue their bilingual programs. The author shares a school incident to prove that Arizona's English-only policies encourage violence by their innate racism and the discriminatory practices they demand.
The Institute for Education Policy Studies. University of Northampton, School of Education, Boughton Green Road, Northampton NN2 7AL United Kingdom. Tel: +44-1273-270943; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona