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ERIC Number: EJ838947
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0021-8251
The Model Method: Singapore Children's Tool for Representing and Solving Algebraic Word Problems
Ng, Swee Fong; Lee, Kerry
Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, v40 n3 p282-313 May 2009
Solving arithmetic and algebraic word problems is a key component of the Singapore elementary mathematics curriculum. One heuristic taught, the model method, involves drawing a diagram to represent key information in the problem. We describe the model method and a three-phase theoretical framework supporting its use. We conducted 2 studies to examine teachers' perceptions and children's application of the model method. The subjects were 14 primary teachers from 4 schools and 151 Primary 5 children. The model method affords higher ability children without access to letter-symbolic algebra a means to represent and solve algebraic word problems. Partly correct solutions suggest that representation is not an all-or-nothing process in which model drawing is either completely correct or completely incorrect. Instead, an incorrect solution could be the consequence of misrepresentation of a single piece of information. Our findings offer avenues of support in word problem solving to children of average ability. (Contains 11 figures, 2 tables, and 1 footnote.)
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore
IES Cited: ED532215