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ERIC Number: EJ838290
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
A Contrast between Mothers' Assessments of Child Malnutrition and Physical Anthropometry in Rural Mexico: A Mixed Methods Community Study
Turnbull, Bernardo; Martinez-Andrade, Gloria; Huerfano, Nazly; Ryan, Gery W.; Martinez, Homero
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v41 n3 p201-206 May-Jun 2009
Objective: To compare mothers' assessments of nutritional status with anthropometric measures and gain further insights into mothers' reasons for their judgment. Design: Each mother was asked to assess the nutritional status of her child and 2 other children and to compare all 3. Rates for "hits" and "misses" between mothers' assessment and physical anthropometry were analyzed using the binomial test. The rationale for the mothers' assessments was explored through open-ended questions. Setting: A rural clinic in an indigenous area of Mexico. Participants: 31 mothers of children 1-5 years of age. Main Outcome Measures: Physical anthropometry and mothers' assessments. Results: A significant proportion (P less than or equal to 0.01) of mothers matched the anthropometry on weight for age and weight for height but not on height for age; only when assessing their own child, and when comparing weight for age of their own child with the first child used for comparison. Mothers based their assessment on the child's physical appearance, energy, eating behavior, and on their own performance as caregivers. Conclusions and Implications: Mothers' assessments were better than mere guesses. Their understanding of children's nutritional status in particular and health in general should be used to design more effective and sustainable communication messages, properly combining mothers' and health providers' constructs. It is also important to find ways to make mothers recognize stunting as a nutrition-related problem. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico