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ERIC Number: EJ838241
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0738-0593
Between Local Community and Central State: Financing Basic Education in China
Zhao, Litao
International Journal of Educational Development, v29 n4 p366-373 Jul 2009
From the early 1980s, China underwent perhaps the world's largest and most comprehensive experiment of decentralization in education. There has been a shift from decentralization to some degree of recentralization, however, since the mid-1990s, particularly since the early 2000s. The purpose of this shift was to establish a stable and regularized financing mechanism for rural education. Using provincial-level data from between 1997 and 2005, this paper analyzes whether the shift worked as expected. It finds that by the end of 2005, there had been a substantial decrease in the rural-urban gap, the regional disparity, and the overall inequality in per student budgetary expenditure and total spending. Much of the decline occurred in the 2000s. Moreover, the rural-urban gap declined more rapidly than the regional disparity, and inequalities in spending on primary education declined much more rapidly than junior secondary education. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China