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ERIC Number: EJ838065
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
ISSN: ISSN-1072-0502
Priming of Short-Term Potentiation and Synaptic Tagging/Capture Mechanisms by Ryanodine Receptor Activation in Rat Hippocampal CA1
Sajikumar, Sreedharan; Li, Qin; Abraham, Wickliffe C.; Xiao, Zhi Cheng
Learning & Memory, v16 n3 p178-186 Mar 2009
Activity-dependent changes in synaptic strength such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) are considered to be cellular mechanisms underlying learning and memory. Strengthening of a synapse for a few seconds or minutes is termed short-term potentiation (STP) and is normally unable to take part in the processes of synaptic tagging/capture due to its inability to set the "synaptic tags." Here, we report that priming of synapses with ryanodine receptor agonists such as ryanodine (10 [mu]M) or caffeine (10 mM) facilitates subsequent synaptic tagging/capture, enabling an STP protocol to establish a late-LTP in response to strong tetanization of a heterosynaptic input. We identified calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) as mediating the primed synaptic tag setting, which persisted for 1 h. We also identified protein kinase M[zeta] (PKM[zeta]), presumably captured from the strongly tetanized heterosynaptic input, as a plasticity-related protein maintaining the LTP at the tagged synapses. In addition, synaptic tags in primed STP were erased or interfered with by delivering low-frequency depotentiating stimulation 5 or 10 min after its induction, thus preventing capture of newly synthesized proteins. These data reveal a novel form of metaplasticity, whereby ryanodine receptor activation lowers the threshold for subsequent synaptic tagging/capture, thus priming weakly activated synapses for heterosynaptic interactions that promote long-term functional plasticity. (Contains 5 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A