ERIC Number: EJ837840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Resilience among Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: The Role of Risk and Protective Factors
Martinez-Torteya, Cecilia; Bogat, G. Anne; von Eye, Alexander; Levendosky, Alytia A.
Child Development, v80 n2 p562-577 Mar-Apr 2009
Individual and family characteristics that predict resilience among children exposed to domestic violence (DV) were examined. Mother-child dyads (n = 190) were assessed when the children were 2, 3, and 4 years of age. DV-exposed children were 3.7 times more likely than nonexposed children to develop internalizing or externalizing problems. However, 54% of DV-exposed children maintained positive adaptation and were characterized by easy temperament (odds ratio [OR] = 0.39, d = 0.52) and nondepressed mothers (OR = 1.14, d = 0.07), as compared to their nonresilient counterparts. Chronic DV was associated with maternal depression, difficult child temperament, and internalizing or externalizing symptoms. Results underscore heterogeneous outcomes among DV-exposed children and the influence of individual and family characteristics on children's adaptation.
Descriptors: Family Violence, Mothers, Family Characteristics, Personality Traits, Depression (Psychology), Young Children, Family Environment, Family Influence, Individual Characteristics, Behavior Problems, Adjustment (to Environment), Coping, Correlation, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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