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ERIC Number: EJ837764
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-1303-0485
A Conceptual Analysis on the Approaches to Learning
Ak, Serife
Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, v8 n3 p707-720 Sep 2008
The concept of approach to learning was first identified by Marton and Saljo in 1976. Numerous researchers have conducted studies on students' approaches to learning since 1976. There appears considerable confusion in the literature concerning the terms cognitive styles and learning styles. Therefore, there is a remarkable ambiguity about the position of the approaches to learning within this conceptual base. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of the concept of approach to learning is tried. First, the conceptual confusion in the literature on learning styles and the position of the approaches to learning within this conceptual base is discussed. An in-depth analysis on the concept of approach to learning is presented through discussion of research results in the literature about relationship between the approaches to learning, learning/teaching variables, and learning environments. According to this analysis, approach to learning can be considered as a bridge between the learning environment and cognitive/learning styles. An approach to learning adopted by students is determined by lots of variables such as the characteristics of students, learning environment, and learning outcomes. When the relation of students' approaches to learning with these variables is considered it can be argued that the approaches to learning cannot only be seen as mere student-dependent characteristics. Therefore, if proper strategies are applied it might be possible to move students' approaches to learning from a surface to a deeper orientation. (Contains 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A