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ERIC Number: EJ837559
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Oral Health and Nutritional Status of Semi-Institutionalized Persons with Mental Retardation in Brazil
Batista, Luciana Rodrigues Vieira; Moreira, Emilia Addison Machado; Rauen, Michelle Soares; Corso, Arlete Catarina Tittoni; Fiates, Giovanna Medeiros Rataichesck
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v30 n5 p839-846 Sep-Oct 2009
Association between oral health status and nutritional status was investigated in 200 semi-institutionalized persons with mental retardation aged 5-53 years, 45.5% female, in the cities of Florianopolis and Sao Jose, province of Santa Catarina, Brazil. In this cross-sectional study, clinical-odontological examination revealed a high percentage of individuals (68%) with heavily compromised dentition. The index of decayed, missing and filled deciduous and permanent teeth, which increased from 2.85 plus or minus 2.87 in children to 20.5 plus or minus 6.86 units in adults, was used to classify the individuals' oral health status. Anthropometric evaluation revealed the prevalence of suboptimal nutritional status in 52% of children and adolescents [22% underweight, 30% at risk of overweight or overweight], and in 60% of adults [7% underweight, 53% overweight or obese]. Significant association was found between unsatisfactory oral health status and overweight in children (chi[superscript 2] = 4.627; p = 0.031). Findings evidenced the existence of a relationship between oral health status and nutritional status in persons with mental retardation. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil