ERIC Number: EJ837528
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Information Processing in Toddlers: Continuity from Infancy and Persistence of Preterm Deficits
Rose, Susan A.; Feldman, Judith F.; Jankowski, Jeffery J.
Intelligence, v37 n3 p311-320 May-Jun 2009
The present report assesses information processing in the toddler years (24 and 36 months), using a cohort of preterms (less than 1750 g) and full-terms initially seen in infancy. The children received a battery of tasks tapping 11 specific abilities from four domains--memory, processing speed, attention, and representational competence. The same battery had been used earlier--at 7 and 12 months. There were four main findings. (1) Preterms showed no "catch-up," but rather persistent deficits in immediate recognition, recall, encoding speed, and attention. (2) There was significant continuity from infancy through the toddler years for most aspects of information processing. (3) These specific abilities combined additively to account for global cognitive ability, consistent with the componential theory of intelligence. (4) Toddler information processing abilities completely mediated the relative deficits of preterms in general cognitive ability. Thus, although the toddler years have often been characterized as a period of discontinuity and transformation, these results indicate that continuity prevails for information processing abilities over the first three years of life.
Descriptors: Toddlers, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Intelligence, Premature Infants, Attention, Memory, Competence, Developmental Continuity
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A