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ERIC Number: EJ837494
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
ISSN: ISSN-0096-3445
Segmentation in Reading and Film Comprehension
Zacks, Jeffrey M.; Speer, Nicole K.; Reynolds, Jeremy R.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v138 n2 p307-327 May 2009
When reading a story or watching a film, comprehenders construct a series of representations in order to understand the events depicted. Discourse comprehension theories and a recent theory of perceptual event segmentation both suggest that comprehenders monitor situational features such as characters' goals, to update these representations at natural boundaries in activity. However, the converging predictions of these theories had previously not been tested directly. Two studies provided evidence that changes in situational features such as characters, their locations, their interactions with objects, and their goals are related to the segmentation of events in both narrative texts and films. A 3rd study indicated that clauses with event boundaries are read more slowly than are other clauses and that changes in situational features partially mediate this relation. A final study suggested that the predictability of incoming information influences reading rate and possibly event segmentation. Taken together, these results suggest that processing situational changes during comprehension is an important determinant of how one segments ongoing activity into events and that this segmentation is related to the control of processing during reading. (Contains 8 figures, 8 tables and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A