ERIC Number: EJ837297
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
On Motivated Role Selection: Gender Beliefs, Distant Goals, and Career Interest
Evans, Clifford D.; Diekman, Amanda B.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v33 n2 p235-249 Jun 2009
Despite widespread changes in occupational opportunities, men and women continue to show divergent preferences for careers. This research invoked a motivational framework to explain sex-differentiated career interest. From a role congruity perspective (Diekman & Eagly, 2008), the internalization of gender roles leads people to endorse gender-stereotypic goals, which then lead to interest in occupations that afford the pursuit of those goals. Three studies provided evidence for the hypotheses. Study 1 found that male- and female-stereotypic careers were perceived to afford different goals. Studies 2 and 3 found that men and women endorsed different goals and that this gender-normative goal endorsement predicted gender-stereotypic career interest. In addition, structural equation modeling (Study 3) indicated that internalization of gender roles fully accounted for sex-differentiated goal endorsement. These findings thus extend the social role theory framework to consider processes related to self-selection into specific social roles.
Descriptors: Careers, Females, Structural Equation Models, Role Theory, Males, Beliefs, Objectives, Motivation, Gender Differences, Stereotypes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A