ERIC Number: EJ837286
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Adolescents with Learning Disabilities as Writers: Are We Selling Them Short?
Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.
Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, v24 n2 p81-92 May 2009
This article chronicles the evolution of a programmatic line of research on strategic writing instruction for adolescents with learning disabilities (LD) conducted by staff and affiliates of the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning. The goal associated with this research is that students with LD learn the writing skills that they need to succeed in high school and beyond and that their skills are comparable to the skills of their peers. Individual studies have shown that adolescents with LD can master a given writing strategy and can apply that strategy to novel prompts and in general education classes. Moreover, they can learn simple writing strategies from computerized programs. They can also maintain use of a writing strategy over time. When students learn several writing strategies, their scores on standardized tests improve, and their writing competency is comparable to that of peers. Studies have also shown that teachers can teach the writing strategies and achieve successful results. Care must be taken, however, to ensure that students with LD receive the instruction under conditions where they have multiple opportunities to reach mastery on each skill and receive individualized feedback on practice attempts. Overall, the research has shown that adolescents with LD can learn complex writing skills such as planning, writing, and editing multiparagraph themes; can apply these skills to tasks that are assigned in required general education courses; and can be successful in those courses.
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, General Education, Writing Strategies, Learning Disabilities, Standardized Tests, Adolescents, Writing Skills, High School Students, Computer Uses in Education, Scores, Writing Instruction, Educational Research, Universities
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kansas