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ERIC Number: EJ836794
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-1087-0547
Do Attention Deficits Influence IQ Assessment in Children and Adolescents with ADHD?
Jepsen, Jens Richardt M.; Fagerlund, Birgitte; Mortensen, Erik Lykke
Journal of Attention Disorders, v12 n6 p551-562 2009
Objective: To characterize the relationship between IQ and attention deficits in children with ADHD and to estimate the inattention-related mean influence on IQ when children are tested before stimulant drug treatment has been initiated. Method: Studies of various methodologies are reviewed. Results: Correlation studies show mostly weak associations between IQ scores and attention deficits. Meta-analyses report the average short-term stimulant treatment effect on IQ in children with ADHD to be 2 to 7 IQ points. Conclusion: The associations between IQ and attention deficits in ADHD are generally modest, with the mean influence on IQ probably amounting to 2 to 5 IQ points. This may serve as a benchmark when clinicians interpret the validity of IQ in this clinical population. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conners Rating Scales; Conners Teacher Rating Scale; Continuous Performance Test; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children