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ERIC Number: EJ836554
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1741-1122
Comparative Policy Brief: Status of Intellectual Disabilities in the Republic of Haiti
Jacobson, Erik
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, v5 n2 p122-124 Jun 2008
An estimated 800,000 persons have disabilities in Haiti, but there are no data that refer specifically to those with intellectual disabilities. Traditional fears and stigma about disability are widespread. While the constitution supports the idea that people with disabilities should have autonomy and education, there are no laws to mandate implementation, nor is there a comprehensive strategy in place to promote social inclusion. Children with intellectual disabilities share the challenges faced by all children in Haiti where primary school enrollment covers just two-thirds of all school-aged children, rural areas lack any schools, and families are too poor to pay for uniforms or books or to release their children from work in order to attend school. For various social and economic reasons, most children with disabilities do not receive specialized education or social rehabilitation services, and some with more severe levels of disability may reside in institutions. In the absence of any welfare benefits, or laws mandating education or vocational training, adults with intellectual disabilities rely on their families or, if they cannot provide care, asylums or nursing homes. Against a background of economic and political instability, three key issues related to Haitians with intellectual disabilities are wider access to education; provision of specialized teaching for children and life-skills training for adults; and co-coordinated efforts to raise awareness and encourage more positive attitudes.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Haiti