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ERIC Number: EJ836552
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-1741-1122
Comparative Policy Brief: Status of Intellectual Disabilities in Nepal
Crishna, Brinda; Prajapati, Surya Bhakta
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, v5 n2 p133-136 Jun 2008
In Nepal, the estimates of the prevalence of disabilities vary, and there is sparse information specifically about people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Existing data suggest higher rates of prevalence of ID in the more remote northern area due to use of non-iodized salt, lack of health facilities, and extreme poverty. Superstitious beliefs about the causes of ID are widespread. The most recent government plans addressing the situation of Nepalese people with disabilities endorse more robust data, coordination of ministries, allowances at local level, free education, and establishment of treatment centers. The government has also endorsed a policy of inclusive education: reports suggest that many children with ID have been integrated into mainstream schools. Many nongovernmental and governmental organizations have adopted community-based rehabilitation as the leading model of intervention in the disability sector. Only a few families receive a government monthly allowance in support of their child with ID, and there are only a few government-run homes for people with ID. A handful of sheltered workshops are located in larger towns, providing for a very small number of adults. Key issues are raising awareness and understanding about ID; development of care and rehabilitation programs specifically for people with ID; and a system to provide livelihood, employment, and some social security for adults.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nepal