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ERIC Number: EJ836210
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Dec
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1360-2322
Assessment of Risk Manageability of Intellectually Disabled Sex Offenders
Boer, Douglas P.; Tough, Susan; Haaven, James
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v17 n4 p275-283 Dec 2004
Background: There are no validated risk assessment tools for intellectually disabled (ID) sex offenders, with the exception of the work of Lindsay et al. ["Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities" (2004) 17: 267] regarding the prediction of risk for aggressive behaviour of ID offenders in residential settings. ID sex offenders comprise a neglected subgroup, and one that poses unique challenges and rewards for clinicians. Methods and purpose: Recent work by Tough [Tough S. (2001) "Validation of Two Standard Assessments (RRASOR, 1997; STATIC-99, 1999) on a Sample of Adult Males who are Intellectually Disabled with Significant Cognitive Deficits". Master's Thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada] examined the utility of the Rapid Risk Assessment for Sexual Offence Recidivism [RRASOR; Hanson R. (1997) "The Development of a Brief Actuarial Risk Scale for Sexual Offence Recidivism, User Report 97-04". Department of the Solicitor General of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.] and the Static-99 [Hanson R. K. & Thornton D. (1999) "Static-99: Improving Actuarial Risk Assessments for Sex Offenders, User Report 99-02". Department of the Solicitor General of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada] for ID sex offenders. She determined that the Static-99 may overestimate risk in ID sex offenders and that the RRASOR seemed to be a more accurate tool for these offenders. These actuarial tools provide a "risk baseline", which helps in determining treatment intensity and level of supervision, but do not provide much help in designing treatment plans or management strategies based on the needs of the individual client. Hence, all three authors have developed risk management strategies in their work with ID sex offenders based largely on dynamic factors. This work has produced the present assessment. Outcome: The present paper outlines a convergent approach which uses the information provided by static actuarial instruments and relevant dynamic factors as an introduction to the formation of a risk management strategies instrument for ID sex offenders. Thirty suggested items, split into four categories (chronic dynamic and acute dynamic for staff and environment; chronic dynamic and acute dynamic for offenders) are listed along with brief explanations of these items.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A