ERIC Number: EJ836204
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Social Competence in Persons with Prader-Willi, Williams and Down's Syndromes
Rosner, Beth A.; Hodapp, Robert M.; Fidler, Deborah J.; Sagun, Jaclyn N.; Dykens, Elisabeth M.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v17 n3 p209-217 Sep 2004
Background: This study explores everyday social competence in the lives of persons with three genetic intellectual disability syndromes. Methods: Using parent reports on the Social and Activity Competence domains of Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), socially competent behaviours were examined in 58 persons with Williams syndrome, 54 persons with Prader-Willi syndrome, and 65 persons with Down's syndrome. Results: The Down's syndrome group showed the highest overall social competence scores, while individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome fared worst in terms of their behaviour with others. The Williams syndrome group scored lowest in terms of skill with jobs and chores, and the Down's syndrome group showed the least skill in non-sport activities. Regarding specific activities, musical activities were popular in both Williams syndrome and Down's syndrome, but more participants with Williams syndrome played musical instruments. Compared with the other groups, individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome were five to 25 times more likely to play with jigsaw puzzles, and those with Williams syndrome were least likely to engage in any visual-spatial leisure activities. Age was found to be a positive correlate of social competence for the Williams and Down's syndrome groups, but not for the Prader-Willi group. Conclusions: Implications are discussed for interventions and for future behavioural phenotype work.
Descriptors: Check Lists, Mental Retardation, Child Behavior, Interpersonal Competence, Genetic Disorders, Down Syndrome, Parent Attitudes, Comparative Analysis, Athletics, Employment Qualifications, Music Activities, Musical Instruments, Leisure Time, Games, Puzzles, Spatial Ability, Age Differences, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist