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ERIC Number: EJ836098
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-0090-4392
Adolescents' Exposure to Community Violence: Are Neighborhood Youth Organizations Protective?
Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Journal of Community Psychology, v37 n4 p505-525 May 2009
Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), we identified a significant inverse association between the variety of youth organizations available at the neighborhood level and adolescents' exposure to community violence. We examined two non-competing explanations for this finding. First, at the individual level, we tested the hypothesis that access to a greater variety of neighborhood youth organizations predicts adolescents' participation in organized community-based activities, which, in turn, protects against community violence exposure. Second, at the neighborhood level, we tested the hypothesis that lower violent crime rates explain the inverse relation between neighborhood youth organization variety and community violence exposure. Our findings supported the latter of these two mechanisms. (Contains 5 tables and 5 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois