ERIC Number: EJ836071
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Health in People with Intellectual Disabilities: Current Knowledge and Gaps in Knowledge
van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Henny M. J.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v18 n4 p325-333 Dec 2005
Background: The health needs of people with intellectual disabilities have recently received increasing attention. Method: Based on a review of the 2003 literature, this paper presents an overview of our knowledge on physical, mental and social well-being in this group. Results: Physical well-being is threatened by handicap-related conditions, syndrome-related health problems and lifestyle characteristics. Conclusion: Gaps in knowledge include insufficient evidence on health disparities, the lack of comparability of data on the prevalence of ill heath, lack of expertise in relation to communication problems and the fact that all knowledge is based on research in developed countries, while people with intellectual disabilities in developing countries face the same or even greater health problems. Recommendations concerning evidence, education and empowerment are formulated.
Descriptors: Health Needs, Communication Problems, Mental Retardation, Developed Nations, Literature Reviews, Physical Health, Mental Health, Well Being, Social Networks, Disabilities, Life Style, Access to Health Care, Communication Disorders, Developing Nations
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A