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ERIC Number: EJ835933
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
ISSN: ISSN-0034-0561
Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten
McGee, Lea M.; Ukrainetz, Teresa A.
Reading Teacher, v62 n7 p599-603 Apr 2009
While much research and many curricula have surfaced for teaching phonemic awareness to young learners, we worked with preschool and kindergarten teachers who were frustrated with some children they found hard to teach. Many children easily grasped the instruction provided to them, but others were not catching on even when using suggestions provided in published curricula. We problem solved with teachers and taught them to make additional helpful comments during instruction that acted as scaffolds. Over time teachers learned how to use these scaffolds to differentiate instruction for individual learners. They learned when to use many comments (to provide higher levels of scaffolds) and when to use fewer comments (to provide lower levels of scaffolds). Teachers were able to ensure that nearly all preschoolers and kindergartners reached appropriate levels of phonemic awareness. (Contains 2 tables.)
International Reading Association. 800 Barksdale Road, P.O. Box 8139, Newark, DE 19714-8139. Tel: 800-336-7323; Fax: 302-731-1057; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Kindergarten; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A