ERIC Number: EJ835881
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Development of Letter Position Processing: Effects of Age and Orthographic Transparency
Ktori, Maria; Pitchford, Nicola J.
Journal of Research in Reading, v32 n2 p180-198 May 2009
This study investigated the relative extent to which developing readers (6- and 9-year-olds) of English (deep) or Greek (transparent) orthography exhibit serial and exterior letter effects in letter position encoding. Participants were given a visual search task that required detection of a pre-specified target letter within a random five-letter string. Stimuli comprised letters either specific to English or Greek, or shared by both orthographies. For native letters, all readers showed significant initial-letter facilitation. In contrast, final-letter facilitation was shown only by English children. Furthermore, Greek 9-year-olds showed significantly more left-to-right facilitation than English 9-year-olds. These results suggest that letter position encoding is adaptive to the nature of the orthography acquired during reading development.
Descriptors: Spelling, Orthographic Symbols, Reading Processes, Visual Stimuli, Greek, English, Comparative Analysis, Coding, Beginning Reading, Reading Skills, Task Analysis, Reading Research
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A