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ERIC Number: EJ835846
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0004-9441
Accounting for School-Sector Differences in University Entrance Performance
Marks, Gary
Australian Journal of Education, v53 n1 p19-38 Apr 2009
School-sector differences in student performance are often viewed as largely reflecting the intake characteristics of students and having little to do with differences in the provision of teaching and learning between school sectors. The contrary view is that school-sector differences show that non-government schools "add value" to student performance through their delivery of the curriculum. This paper analyses tertiary performance (ENTER scores) among students who participated in the 2003 PISA study. It examines the extent to which school-sector differences are accounted for by students' socio-economic background, prior achievement, and various aspects of student learning. It concludes that sector gaps in students' tertiary entrance performance can be only partially attributed to socio-economic background and there are moderate value-added effects for school sector when taking into account students' prior achievement. Although aspects of student learning had important effects on ENTER scores, they generally did not further account for school-sector differences. Further analyses suggest that non-government schools promote a more academic environment that lifts student performance. This finding has policy implications for all sectors. (Contains 3 notes and 6 tables.)
Australian Council for Educational Research. 19 Prospect Hill Road, Camberwell, VIC 3124, Australia. Tel: +61-3-9277-5447; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment