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ERIC Number: EJ835623
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-1946-7109
Unrelenting Expectations: A More Nuanced Understanding of the Broken Windows Theory of Cultural Management in Urban Education
Livermore, Craig
Penn GSE Perspectives on Urban Education, v5 n2 Spr 2008
Much has been written about the adaptation from criminology of the "Broken Windows" theory of order maintenance in successful urban educational models. Yet, the manner in which the theory is written and discussed often misses the nuances and feel of the theory as successfully applied. This misunderstanding has lead to its conflation with the "Zero Tolerance" approach to discipline management in schools with its emphasis on draconian punishment for both serious and semi-serious offenders. The more powerful current of Broken Windows, however, emphasizes the manner in which student behavior adapts, often unconsciously, to even the subtlest of cultural expectations, when consistently applied. Thus, in order to avoid the confusion involved in the application of Broken Windows, this paper proposes the use of the phrase "Unrelenting Expectations" as a clearer descriptive term for this approach to cultural management in Urban Education. (Contains 2 notes.)
University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Education. 3700 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A