NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ835619
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1946-7109
Addressing Social Aggression in State Anti-Bullying Policies
Temkin, Deborah
Penn GSE Perspectives on Urban Education, v5 n2 Spr 2008
Social aggression, or victimization using social exclusion, rumors, and body language, has been overlooked in state anti-bullying policies since the policy surge following the 1999 Columbine Massacres. Social aggression has been associated with social anxiety disorder, depression and suicide, and lowered academic achievement and involvement. An analysis of the definitions of bullying in current anti-bullying policies was conducted to explore inclusion of social aggression. Twenty-one states yielded no anti-bullying policy, nine failed to define bullying within a policy, and the remaining 20 states varied on definitions, but all did not include social aggression. Implications and explanations of this finding are then discussed. (Contains 1 figure and 5 notes.)
University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Education. 3700 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A