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ERIC Number: EJ835618
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 10
ISSN: ISSN-1946-7109
In the Face of Danger: Comprehensive Emergency Preparedness and Response for Schools
Cole, Verna; Henry, Bernice; Tyson, Douglas; Fitzgerald, Ray; Hopkins, Regina
Penn GSE Perspectives on Urban Education, v5 n2 Spr 2008
Schools presently operate without a method for recognizing how the relational aspects of the school environment impacts physical safety. Using two previously unrelated frameworks, NIMS/ICS and the Taguiri model, this paper connects the formal curriculum to relational, administrative and physical safety. The first model presented, National Incident Management System/Incident Command System (NIMS/ICS), is a standardized emergency response framework developed by the U.S. government. The second model, Taguri's, is a framework for examining school climate. This paper argues that by integrating the NIMS/ICS framework with the Taguri model, schools can implement a comprehensive method for planning effective safety and security protocols. This paper further argues that both models should be applied to persistently dangerous schools. Furthermore, because the highest reported concentration of persistently dangerous schools occur in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, these measures should have particular relevance and applicability there. This paper concludes that safety must extend beyond securing the physical environment, and include normative, organizational, and social-emotional safety.
University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Education. 3700 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania