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ERIC Number: EJ835311
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-1741-1122
Attitudes of Community Developmental Services Agency Staff toward Issues of Inclusion for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities
Jones, Jessica; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Vilela, Tania; Brown, Hilary
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, v5 n4 p219-226 Dec 2008
In many countries, the shift in policy surrounding intellectual disabilities (ID) from segregation to inclusion has resulted in the closure of large-scale institutions in favor of integrated community programs and living accommodations. Because the success of the community inclusion movement lies in the hands of the staff who implement these programs, it is important to determine the consistency of their attitudes with the philosophies that underlie policy directions. Using the Community Living Attitudes Scale-Mental Retardation, Short Form, the current study describes the attitudes of 241 staff working in the field of ID in Ontario, Canada, and examines demographic characteristics that are related to differences in their attitudes toward inclusion. The study found that male staff members' attitudes were less supportive of inclusion than were those of female staff. Moreover, staff members with only a high school education were less likely than those with university or college training to think that individuals with ID were similar to themselves. Finally, older staff members were more likely than younger staff to think that persons with ID should be sheltered from harm. The study showed that many community agency staff members do not hold attitudes that are entirely consistent with the inclusion philosophy and that differences in attitude are associated with their demographic characteristics. This study highlights the need for education and training targeted at particular "at-risk" staff groups in order to ensure the successful implementation of the goals of the inclusion movement.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada