ERIC Number: EJ835309
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
Relationships among Risk, Sense of Coherence, and Well-Being in Parents of Children With and Without Intellectual Disabilities
Olsson, Malin B.; Larsman, Pernilla; Hwang, Philip C.
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, v5 n4 p227-236 Dec 2008
The authors studied the nature and function of the relationships of the comparative level of risk, sense of coherence (SOC), and well-being, over time, in mothers and fathers of preschool children with and without intellectual disabilities (IDs). The hypothesis that SOC functions as a moderator between risk and well-being was tested. Parents of children with IDs (mothers: n = 62 (46 at follow-up) and fathers: n = 49 (37 at follow-up)) and control parents (mothers: n = 178 (131 at follow-up) and fathers: n = 141 (97 at follow-up)) answered self-report measures on risk factors (i.e., child behavior problems, negative impact on the family and socioeconomic situation) and sense of coherence. Well-being and quality of life were used as outcomes, and were measured at baseline and at a one-year follow-up. The hypothesis of moderation was tested conducting multiple linear regression analyses. The level of well-being was moderately stable over the two time points, with parents of children with ID having lower level of well-being than control parents both initially and after one year. Well-being was also related to level of SOC and cumulative risk with parents experiencing lower SOC or more risk also reporting lower well-being. The hypothesis of SOC acting as a moderator in the relation between cumulative risk and well-being found some support in the longitudinal analyses, but only for well-being (BDI-2r) among control mothers.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mothers, Mental Retardation, Quality of Life, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Risk, Parent Child Relationship, Multiple Regression Analysis, Well Being, Comparative Analysis, Parent Attitudes, Correlation, Family Environment, Fathers, Socioeconomic Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A