ERIC Number: EJ835097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
What Factors Are Related to a Negative Outcome of Self-Injurious Behaviour during Childhood in Pervasive Developmental Disorders?
Baghdadli, A.; Picot, M. C.; Pry, R.; Michelon, C.; Burzstejn, C.; Lazartigues, A.; Aussilloux, C.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v21 n2 p142-149 Mar 2008
Aim: To explore the factors related to the outcome of self-injurious behaviour (SIB) in children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). Method: Children with PDD were assessed on individual and environmental variables at time 1 and 3 years later. A questionnaire about the presence or absence of SIB was also administered at both times in order to examine the early course of SIB. Results: Our findings suggest an association between a negative outcome and several aspects of the children's behaviour. Children with a negative outcome differed from the others in having greater speech impairment, more cognitive and adaptive deficits, and more severe signs of autism. When these variables were entered into a multivariate model for predicting the outcome of SIB, only speech deficits (OR[subscript a] 3.5, CI 95% 1.13-13.4) and autism severity (OR[subscript a] 1.1, CI 95% 1.03-1.18) were significant risk factors. Discussion: The importance of these findings for improving our understanding of SIB is discussed.
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Autism, At Risk Persons, Self Destructive Behavior, Child Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Environmental Influences, Questionnaires, Individual Characteristics, Correlation, Cognitive Ability, Adjustment (to Environment), Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A