ERIC Number: EJ835095
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of an Attachment-Based Behaviour Therapy for Children with Visual and Severe Intellectual Disabilities
Sterkenburg, P. S.; Janssen, C. G. C.; Schuengel, C.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v21 n2 p126-135 Mar 2008
Background: A combination of an attachment-based therapy and behaviour modification was investigated for children with persistent challenging behaviour. Method: Six clients with visual and severe intellectual disabilities, severe challenging behaviour and with a background of pathogenic care were treated. Challenging behaviour was recorded continuously in the residential home and during therapy sessions. Alternating treatments were given by two therapists. In phase 1, the experimental therapist attempted to build an attachment relationship in sessions alternating with sessions in which a control therapist provided positive attention only. In phase 2, both therapists applied the same behaviour modification protocol. Results: Across clients, challenging behaviour in the residential home decreased during the attachment therapy phase. The behaviour modification sessions conducted by the experimental therapist resulted in significantly more adaptive target behaviour than the sessions with the control therapist. Conclusion: For these clients with a background of attachment problems, attachment-based behaviour modification treatment may have important advantages over standard behaviour modification.
Descriptors: Severe Mental Retardation, Attachment Behavior, Therapy, Counseling Techniques, Visual Impairments, Severity (of Disability), Behavior Modification, Behavior Disorders, Outcomes of Treatment, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A