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ERIC Number: EJ835068
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1067-828X
Score Reliability of Adolescent Alcohol Screening Measures: A Meta-Analytic Inquiry
Shields, Alan L.; Campfield, Delia C.; Miller, Christopher S.; Howell, Ryan T.; Wallace, Kimberly; Weiss, Roger D.
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v17 n4 p75-97 Aug 2008
This study describes the reliability reporting practices in empirical studies using eight adolescent alcohol screening tools and characterizes and explores variability in internal consistency estimates across samples. Of 119 observed administrations of these instruments, 40 (34%) reported usable reliability information. The Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire-Problem Severity scale generated average reliability estimates exceeding 0.90 (95% CI = 0.90-0.96) and the Adolescent Alcohol Involvement Scale generated average score reliability estimates below 0.80 (95% CI = 0.67-0.85). Average reliability estimates of the remaining instruments were distributed between these extremes. Sample characteristics were identified as potentially important predictors of variability in the reliability estimates of all the instruments and all instruments under evaluation generated more reliable scores in clinical settings (M = 0.89) as opposed to nonclinical settings (M = 0.82; r effect size (38) = 0.29, p less than 0.10). Clinicians facing instrument selection decisions can use these data to guide their choices and researchers evaluating the performance of these instruments can use these data to inform their future studies. (Contains 4 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A