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ERIC Number: EJ834971
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0285
Contexts and Control Operations Used in Accessing List-Specific, Generalized, and Semantic Memories
Humphreys, Michael S.; Murray, Krista L.; Maguire, Angela M.
Cognitive Psychology, v58 n3 p311-337 May 2009
The human ability to focus memory retrieval operations on a particular list, episode or memory structure has not been fully appreciated or documented. In Experiment 1-3, we make it increasingly difficult for participants to switch between a less recent list (multiple study opportunities), and a more recent list (single study opportunity). Task performance was good, although there was a cost associated with switching. In Experiment 4, list-specific learning experiences were used to create a generalized memory as a step towards semantic memory. List-specific memories intruded during attempts to retrieve the generalized memory and the generalized memory enhanced list-specific performance. The generalized memory also intruded in a free-association task. We propose that a hierarchy of contexts and control operations underlie the human ability to access different memory structures and that there is no sharp discontinuity in the control operations needed to access list-specific, generalized, and semantic memories. (Contains 3 figures and 8 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A